Kabaddi is a simple game played without equipment. Apart from India, this game is also increasing its popularity in countries like Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Cambodia, Singapore, Bangladesh, Thailand, Iraq etc. At present Kabaddi is played in three forms – Sanjeevani, Gaminee and Amar. Only the Sanjeevani form is recognized by the Indian Kabaddi Association.Contents. The measurement of the ground is different in all the formats of Kabaddi, such as – Senior, Junior Sub-Junior level men and women.
- History of Kabaddi Game
- Basic Rules of the Kabaddi game
- Kabaddi Ground Measurement
- Kabaddi Match Officials
- Kabaddi Competitions
- Top 15 Best Kabaddi Players of India
History of Kabaddi Game
Popular in the south Asia and other surrounding Asian countries, Kabaddi appear in the histories of ancient India. Kabaddi is an Indian game which is played in rural areas of India since long time ago. In the Mahabharata period, it was called by the name “One Breath”. Kabaddi has many names. In different states it is called by different names like “Hukuku” in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, “Hu-Hu-Hu” in Bengal and Bihar, “Chadu-Gudu” in Tamil Nadu etc.
The game was popularized as a competitive sport in the 20th century. Kabaddi is the national sport of Bangladesh. It is the state game of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh.
A book of rules for this game was published in the year 1923 by “Deccan Gym Khana” in the right direction and for this. The state of Maharashtra took maximum interest in this game. In the year 1934, the All Maharashtra Council of Physical Education published the revised rules of this game. The first All India Kabaddi competition was organized in the year 1938 in Calcutta.
It was displayed in the 1936 Berlin Olympics. To promote and control Kabaddi at the national level, the “National Kabaddi Federation” was established in the year 1951. This organization organized the men’s national competition in 1953 and the women’s national competition in 1955.
This game is also an event of Asian games. India is the world champion besides being developer/originator of kabaddi.
Types of Kabaddi Game
Different forms of Kabaddi Game
Three forms of kabaddi played in India are Amar, Sanjeevani and Gaminee. Amar is generally ……..
Kabaddi Numerous Names in Different Parts
This game is known by numerous names in different parts of the Indian subcontinent, such as: kabaddi or chedugudu in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana; kabaddi in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala; kabadi or ha-du-du in West Bengal and Bangladesh; bhavatik in Maldives, kauddi or kabaddi in the Punjab region; hu-tu-tu in Western India, hu-do-do in Eastern India; chadakudu in South India; kapardi in Nepal; and kabadi or sadugudu in Tamil Nadu.
Basic Rules of the Kabaddi game
When a match is being played between two teams a must mind the following basic rules :
- In the initial state of the match each team fields 7 players and 5 are reserves. Thus a team has 7+5=12 players.
- For men and junior boys a kabaddi match has a duration of 40 minutes which is divided in 20 minute halves. There is a break of 5 minutes between first half and second half. For women and junior girls and sub-juniors a half consists of 15 minutes. Interval time is the same.
- When a player of a team gets out the rival team gets one point.
- During the match only the captain shall direct his team members.
- If a team is able to send all players of the rival team out it earns 2 extra points.
- If a player present has been included in the play after the start of the match with the permission of referee then the team loses the right to substitute any other player of the team all through the two halves.
- To start a play a team must have at least 5 players in the field. If those five get out the total points lost by the team would be 7.
- In case of injury the captain can ask for the injury time from the referee. Referee will decide according to the degree of injury. The maximum injury time allowed is 1 minute.
- In this game a player on attack pronounces “Kabaddi…kabaddi’ all the time without breaking his breath. If a player is not audibly saying the words the referee shall warn a player. If even after warning the player continues with his faulty pronunciation the referee will award a point to the rival team but the player stays in the game.
- At league level if a match ends in a tie each team is awarded 1 point. But in the knock out matches in case of a tie the referee shall send raids of 5 players each of both sides and back line will become bonus line.
- No player shall go out but point will be awarded for that. If the match is still even then another series of raids by 5 players from each side will take place. This will go on until a team gains a 1 point lead. In each half a team can take 2 time outs of 30 seconds each during which time the players can be substituted too.
- In the total duration of the match each team can substitute 5 players. After half time the team will change sides.
- In kabaddi ‘Raid’ means a player of a team raiding the rival half pronouncing the word ‘Kabaddi’ in one breath and coming back to his side.
- Raider must start pronouncing the word from his own half before crossing the centre line and return to his half continuing the chant.
- For a raider it is essential to violate the touch line of the rival half. But it won’t be necessary if he has before touching the touch line touched a rival/rivals (defenders in this case). He may return to his half after the kill without touching the touch line.
- At a time only one raider will go into the rival half side. If more than one player go on the raid the referee will cancel it. If even after warning this violation continues the referee may rule the lead raider only valid and rule out others.
- If a player without any struggle touches lobby or side line he may be ruled ‘out’ but he can do it in struggle.
- If a raider crosses the rival bonus line and returns home safe when the rival team had more than 5 players in the field his or her team will get a bonus point.
- The raider will raid the rival half within 5 seconds or the raid will become invalid and can be cancelled.
Kabaddi Ground Measurement
The lines on the four sides of the play field are known as the Boundaries. All lines shall be of 3 to 5 cm width and form the part of the play field. It is necessary to have 4 meter clear space outside the boundaries. A Kabaddi ground has 1 metre wide lobby on left and right side of the court.
Men and Junior Boys Kabaddi Ground
The men’s kabaddi ground is divided into two halves of 6.50 × 10 meters and the junior boys’ kabaddi ground is the same. Each line parallel to the center line on the court is also known as a Baulk line or touch line. The touch lines are marked on both sides of the centre line parallel to it at distance of 3.75 metres each only up to the inner lines of lobbies. Bonus line is marked parallel to the touch line on each side at a distance of 1 metre.
Women and Junior Girls Kabaddi Ground
In the case of women and junior girls kabaddi, the distance of the middle line to the baulk line will be 3 meters. There will be a distance of 1 meter between the touch line and the bonus line. For a women’s or junior girls’ kabaddi match, there is a sitting block of 6 × 1 m in each side of the field. The sitting block shall be at a distance of 2 meters from the last rows.
Sub-Junior Boys and Sub-Junior Girls Kabaddi Ground
For Under 16 / under 14 kabaddi ground measurement, The distance from Mid line to Baulk line for Kabaddi for boys and girls of sub junior level will be 3 meters. The last line will be at a distance of 1.5 meters from the bonus line. The distance between the touch line and the Bonus line will be the same as that of Senior Men’s Kabaddi.
Kabaddi Match Officials
There shall be One Referee, Two Umpires, One Scorer and Two Assistant Scorers. The decision of the umpires on the field shall be final generally but in special circumstances, the referee may give the decision in the best interest of the game and also if there is a disagreement between two umpires.
Kabaddi Official Signals
Whistle and Hand Signals
To Get Match Started : 2 short and 1 long whistle blow
To Signal Start of Play : 1 long and 1 short whistle
For Foul : 3 or 4 sharp whistles
To Rule a Player Out : 1 long whistle
For Time Out : 1 long 2 short whistle
End of The Match : 1 long whistle
- Asia Cup
- Federation Cup
- Asian Championship
- Inter-University Tournament
- Pro Kabaddi League
Top 15 Best Kabaddi Players of India
Deepak Niwas Hooda
Pawan Kumar Sehrawat